About Mizoram

Mizoram is one of seven north-eastern states of India. Its boundaries are surrounded by Myanmar from east and south, Bangladesh in the west, Manipur in the north, Assam and Tripura states.
Mizoram Location in India
Mizoram Location in India

Mizoram means 'Land of the mountains' and its local language is 'Mizo'. The Mizo mountain which dominates topography of the state is more than 2000 meters and is located near the border of Myanmar. The capital of the state is at Aizawl 1220 meters above sea level.

Mizoram


Mizoram corresponds to the old North and South Lushai Mountains. Mizoram has unique natural beauty in nature, many types of landscapes, rich flora and fauna, pine groups, and unique villages with bamboo houses.

The cancer line passes through the middle of Mizoram and hence the weather remains healthy all year round. 'The Blue Mountain', the highest peak of Mizoram with steep hills and deep valleys, is more than 2165 meters high. The main rivers flowing in this state are Tawang, Sonai, Tuival, Kolodine and Kamphuli.
In Mizoram, the single room is the Legislative Assembly, which has 40 seats. Two members from the state go to the Parliament of India, a Rajya Sabha ie the upper house and one Lok Sabha, i.e. in the lower house. There are eight districts in the state.


Meaning of 'Mizoram'

By dividing the name of Mizoram into three parts, the meaning of the name is derived from "min" meaning "people", "zo" meaning "mountain" and "rum" means "kingdom", which together mean 'the hill people' Territory 'or' land of hill people '



History and geography

Little is known about Mizoram's early history. From 1750 to 1850, the people of Mizo tribe came from nearby Chin Hills and settled here and brought the local people under their control and the common tribes formed themselves together to form a society.Mizo developed a voluntary political system based on 300 hereditary leaders. Mizo tribes were unaffected by any foreign political influence, but this remained only till the assassination of the British under the Yandabo Treaty of 1826. In the next decades, due to Mizo's run in British areas, the British continued to carry out penal attacks on Mizo. Though officially, till the beginning of 1890, Mizoram was not in the possession of the British, but it had already come under their control two decades ago.



Mizoram Tourism

The mountainous city is located at about 4,000 feet above the Aizawl beach. Aizawl is a religious and cultural center of Mizoram where indigenous handicrafts are available. Champhai is a beautiful resort situated on the border of Myanmar.Tamadil is a natural lake of virgin forest which is 60 km from Aizawl. And 10 km from Satuel It is situated far away. 
Champhai ,
Champhai ,Mizoram ,India 
Vantang fall is five km from the hill station of Thanzol. Mizoram is the most beautiful and high waterfall in the distant region.
Vantang  waterfall
Vantang  waterfall,Mizoram 
 The tourism department has opened Alipil Hut in Aizawl, Lunglei Cheffei tourist lodge and Hanthyl, Weside Restaurant in Thanzol, Recreation Center in Berrou Tang and near Załok, in District Park.


Society and culture

Mizo was divided among many tribes like Lushai, Poi, Pai, Ralte, Pong, Mhaar, Cookie etc. The society here is largely based around tribal villages. The head house and zolbach i.e. the community building where young and unmarried men live, is the focal point of the village.
Society and culture

The official language here is Mizo and English. Mizoram has a literacy rate of 92 percent, which is the highest in India. More than 80 percent of the population is Christian, in which the number of Protestants converted by missionaries in the 19th century is high. Muslims, Buddhists and Hindus are few in number here. Chakma Banjara admits the practice of mixing Hinduism, Buddhism and animism.


Government of Mizoram

For those interested in politics, a brief study of the Government of Mizoram can be very interesting. Like other states of India, the chief minister of Mizoram's government is also the chief minister. It is the head of the council of ministers who are responsible for the elected legislature.The governor is the head of government of Mizoram. There are 40 members in the Legislative Assembly of Mizoram. They choose the people of the state every five years. The High Court of Mizoram is located in Guwahati. A bench of the High Court of Mizoram is present in the capital of the state of Aizawl.


Economy and infrastructure

Mizoram's three-quartile population earns its livelihood from farming. Here, both strawberry farming and zoom are cultivated. Due to the increasing number of cultivators, eight years of traditional Jhum Chakra has become very less. Because of this, the crop yield also decreased.
Mizoram is famous for its non-ginger ginger. Paddy, corn, mustard, sugarcane, sesame and potato are the main crops of this area. Small scale irrigation projects have also been developed to increase the yield of crops.
There is no big industry in the state. Small industries include silk industry, handloom and handicrafts industry, plantation of furniture and furniture, oil refining, grain grinding and ginger processing.


Hotels in Mizoram

According to tourists' needs, both Star and NAN star hotels are available in the state. Apart from this, there are resorts, restaurants and cafes according to the tourists of every class. Mizoram is one of the 'Seven Sister' states of Northeast India.The state is known as the area of ​​Mizo community, which includes Lushai, Hamar, Lai, Patte, Ganget, Mara and other small tribes. The boundaries of the State of Mizoram are from Assam, Tripura and Manipur in other states of India. Its international border is tied to Myanmar and Bangladesh. It is the 23rd state of India and it got status of state on February 20, 1987.

Capital

The capital of Mizoram is Aizawl and it is also the largest city in the state.
capital of Mizoram  aizawal



Area

The total area of ​​Mizoram is 8,139.4 sq mi or 21,081 sq km. is.
Mizoram  map

Population
According to the literacy rate of 2011, the state's population is 10, 9, 7, 206.

weather

Mizoram's weather remains pleasant. The temperature here is comfortable in summer and remains from 20 degrees to 29 degrees. Even in winter it is not much cold and the temperature lasts from 11 degrees to 21 degrees. In the state's climate, there is excessive torrential rains and in the region there is very heavy rainfall during the period from May to September.In winter months, there is very little rain. In Mizoram, a total of 100 inches or 254 cm in a year It rains. The amount of rainfall in Aizawl city is about 82 in or 208 cm it occurs. Another special place in the state of Lunglei is the amount of rainfall in the range of 139 in or 350 cm it occurs.

Rivers in Mizoram

The state's longest river is Chitimai Pui and its second name is Kaladan. The source of the river is located in the Chin State of Myanmar and it flows south of the river state in Lavangtalai and Saiha districts. Later this section falls into the Bay of Bengal near the important port of Myanmar, finally going to the protected area of ​​Myanmar. Even after having many types of rivers and streams in the hill areas of the state, Mizoram's most important and useful rivers are as follows:
tut
tlvang
tueevval
tueeril
These rivers flow from the northern part of the state and finally meet in Barak river, which is the important river of Kachhar district. The source of the Chhimatyipui river is in Myanmar and it is a major river of the southern part of the state. This river has four branches which flow irregularly. The western part of the state is irrigated by the Khathlang-Tuipui river and its branches. Many major cities and communities, such as Chitagang of Bangladesh, are located at the mouth of the river.Prior to independence, in other areas of India, only through the river or its tributaries, it was possible only in Chittagong in the south or through Cachar in the north. Later, after the subcontinent's partition and the formation of Bangladesh, this path was also closed.

Lakes in Mizoram

The largest lake in the state is Pala Lake and it is located in the district of Siwa in the state. Saiha district is an important part of Mizoram. The area of ​​Pala Lake is about 74 acres or 30 hectares. Another popular lake in the state is Tapdil Lake, which is a natural lake. It is about 53 miles or 85 km from Aizawl. Is located at. Unfortunately the Mizoram state is an earthquake-hit state and it falls under Zone 5. The minerals found in this area are included in this
Sandstone and sandstone
Silststone
Shell
Grevek
Madstown
The work of exploration of petroleum and gas in the state is continuing.


Mizoram Demographics

Most of the people of the state are associated with different tribes and communities which are ethnic or linguistically related to each other. These tribes or tribes are collectively called 'Mizo' in which 'Mi' means 'People' and 'Joe' means 'Mountain'. Apart from Mizoram these people have also settled in other places like Bangladesh, Myanmar and other northeastern states of India. The Mizo tribe includes Lushai, Hamar, Lai, Patte and Mara. Our people were subdivided into many groups, such as Lungatau, Thak, Khabang, Damgan and Zote

Popular Cultural Festivals

The popular cultural festivals of Mizoram are as follows:

Mim Kut -

Festivals min kut



Mim kut festival is generally celebrated in the months of August or September after the cultivation of maize. People celebrate this festival with dancing, singing and eating and drinking.

Pal Kut-

Festivals pal kut

Pal Kut festival is a festival related to the harvesting of the straw. The word 'pal' means 'grate'. This festival is generally celebrated in the month of December every year.

Chapar kut

Festivals chapar kut

Chapar Kut is a very special festival that celebrates in the month of March. It is celebrated after 'zoom' means the 'jungle'

Mizoram's popular dance forms

The popular dance forms of the state are as follows:
Chirro - This dance is the most unique and vibrant dance form of the state.
Chhe lam
Open

Languages ​​spoken in Mizoram

Mizoram's official language is 'Mizo'. However, due to the importance of studies and administrative work, English is also used very well. Mizo language is derived from Lai, Mara and Mhara language.


Major religions in Mizoram

Most of the people of the state belong to Christianity. There are several churches in the state, some of which are the major churches:
Baptist Church of Mizoram
Mizoram Presbyterian
Salvation army
United Pentecostal Church
Kohran thianglim
Seventh day Adventist church
Larram Jesus Christ Baptist Church
Roman catholic
Independent Church of India
Evangelical church of marland
Evangelical Free Church of India


Education

Mizoram's formal education system includes primary education to university and technical courses. According to the 2011 census, the state's literacy rate, which is 91.58 percent, is the third highest literacy rate in India. There are about 3900 schools in the state which are either managed by the government, either partly or partially. The Ministry of Education operates colleges, universities and other educational institutions.The state's university, named Mizoram University, has several departments and two professional institutes. Some of the popular high education institutions of the state include ICFAI University, National Institute of Technology Mizoram and Paramedical and Nursing Regional Institute Aizawl.


Transportation

Access to the state is not easy due to inadequate transportation facilities. About 90 percent of the state is surrounded by narrow hills, so making roads for administration is not easy. About 8,500 km in the state Is the road network connected to the National Highway. Most of the area is surrounded by national highways, state highways and district roads.The state capital of Aizawl has Langgui Airport which is connected to the Kolkata Airport. It is also connected to the Silchar airport of Assam which is 200 km from Aizawl. is far. The railway station of Silchar, Assam, is the nearest railway station of Mizoram which is 180 km from the capital. is far. There is also a helicopter service from the capital city of Aizawl to other cities of the state such as Lunglei, Serchhip, Kolasib, Chowengte etc.


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